What is a terpene? And what does it have to do with CBD oil? By now you may have read or heard something about CBD which is why you are here reading this. Well, at Fusion CBD we want you to be an informed consumer. Because CBD has received acclaim from so many people for a variety of reasons, there is a lot of hype out there about it.
But is CBD a Superman type of hero, flying in solo to save the day? At Fusion CBD we think not. CBD is just one naturally occurring component of the hemp plant. It is a very important member of a team of super heroes, each with their own unique superpower.
Hemp Oil is FULL of super stuff – over 100 cannabinoids including CBD, antioxidants, omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, AND terpenes! All of these different “hemp heroes” work together to improve the effectiveness of the others. This is called the Entourage Effect. It even sounds like an upcoming Avengers movie.
That is why we sell full-spectrum (the whole hero team) instead of isolate CBD. CBD is still the “Superman”, but it alone does not bring the power of the group working together to win the day.
What is so special about the Terpene?
Terpenes are fragrant essential oils found in a wide variety of plants, flowers, and even some insects (but don’t let that bug you!). Terpenes offer more than just a pretty smell or flavor. They have been used to support the natural healing process of the body in alleviatiating a variety of non-optimal health symptoms.
Chemical analysis of terpenes has been an exciting field of research for well over 300 years. Terpene research is the foundation of more than 20 different Nobel prizes (beginning with Otto Wallach in 1910). It seems like they are definitely important enough to be a part of Team Hemp.
Based on the high degree of scientific interest in terpenes, it’s a subject that promises to continue to be developed in the future. Research has shown that terpenes help many of the same therapeutic properties of CBD. In the article “The Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Terpenoids from Cannabis” researchers found terpenoid-rich essential oils prepared from cannabis were both anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive (a fancy word for something that aids with pain relief.)
But the power and usefulness of terpenes do not stop there. According to research published in PubMed, there is accumulating evidence for the therapeutic benefits of terpenes found in cannabis plants rich in terpenes. According to the paper:
“Terpenes’ medicinal properties are supported by numerous in vitro, animal and clinical trials and show:
- antibiotic and
- anti-diabetic attributes, among others.
Because of the very low toxicity, these terpenes are already widely used as food additives and in cosmetic products. Thus, they have been proven safe and well-tolerated.”
Oh yeah, Scientists also have preliminary findings that show terpenes may help with uncontrolled cell growth (tumors) and neuronal health.
When you are using full-spectrum CBD hemp oil that includes cannabinoids and terpenes, you are really getting a one-two punch!
Types of Terpenes in Hemp Oil
All terpenes are not the same. In fact, there are over 100 terpenes that have been identified in the hemp cannabis sativa plant.
That is a lot of superheros, jeez. It might be hard to keep up with that many characters!
However, it is not until terpenes occur in concentrations above 0.05% that they are considered to be of pharmacological interest, meaning that is when their super powers activate.
Below are some of the key terpenes found in hemp oil. These terpenes are specifically documented as being present in a sample analysis of hemp from our very own Fusion CBD farm. This analysis was done by ChemHistory–A Cannabis Testing Laboratory. The concentrates of the terpenes listed below range anywhere between 0.05% to much higher–0.89%.
In addition to being found in hemp, and specifically in Fusion CBD products, terpenes have other natural sources. In order to better help you spot and relate to our terpene team, we are including a short description of each terpene, their other sources, as well as their specific superpowers below.
Meet Fusion CBD’s Terpene Team
Known as Β-caryophyllene (.89% in our recent lab test), it is a well-known active principle of black pepper. That’s right, black pepper. What can this terpene do?
This terpene’s superpower: According to researchers in a paper published by the National Institute of Health, it has potential for being used in medical applications due to anticancer and pain relief properties. Damn Daniel!
In fact, this powerful terpene has many properties similar to cannabinoids and some researchers say it could actually be classified as a cannabinoid. We may have another Pluto debate on our hands – planet or dwarf planet?
Introducing, Geranyl Acetate (.84% in our recent lab test). This rocking terpene is found in lemon grass, carrots, sassafras, coriander, and many other places as well.
This terpene’s superpower is that it displays a high amount of antifungal activity according to studies done by the National Institute of Health. That’s right, we are talking big league.
Let’s meet a-Bisabolol (.48% in our tests). “Bisabolo”, as she likes to be called, is found in the Eremanthus Erythropappus plant among others. I know, that is quite a name. They are native to Brazil. Check out the picture above if you have never heard of the Eremanthus Erythropappus plant. Heck, we have a hard time pronouncing it.
This important molecule has vereral potential superpowers. According to research, a-Bisabolol exhibits anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, antibiotic, and anticancer activities.
Next up is a-Humulene (.31% in our independent test). This terpene, in addition to being in our full-spectrum CBD products, is also found in hops, sage,and ginseng. Ginseng has long been known for its medicinal and healing qualities. Why? Look no further than Humulene.
Hemulene’s superpower according to research is the powerful anti-inflammatory and pain relieving support it offers the body–pretty sweet. It is also helpful in promoting the healing of wounds.
Up next is Beta-myrcene (.26% in our tests). Commonly found in hops, lemongrass, sweet basil, mangoes, and more. He has a scent that is fruity and earthy, a great combination for a terp. (Yeah, I just called him a terp.)
But this terp has a ton going for it. This terpene’s super power: according to research, this terpene possesses anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, and anxiety relieving properties. Myrcene can also aid with sleep–so if you have a hard time getting to or staying asleep, you’ll want this little buddy on your side.
This mostly tree-based terpene’s name is Guaiol (.23% in Fusion). It is commonly found in cypress pine and the guaiacum tree. It has a piney scent with a rosy undertone. But don’t let that nice smell fool you.
The potential superpower of Guaiol is no less than awesome. According to research conducted both on living organisms and in the lab, it significantly inhibits the growth of non-small cell lung cancer. It is also antibacterial. Cool.
Now, let’s meet Caryophyllene Oxide (.17% in our recent Fusion CBD tests). Cary Oxide (a good superhero name) is found in cloves, rosemary and hops. Yes, a number of these terpenes are found in hops, but that is a tale for another website to tell.
Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene
Alpha-Pinene (.11% in our tests) is found in pines and rosemary. It has the strong scent of pine. Beta-Pinene( .05 %) is found in parsley, basil, and hops.
Alpha-Pinene’s superpower is that it inhibits the breakdown of specific enzymes and may thereby aid memory abilities. One study done with mice also found it to be a potent anti-inflammatory agent against Acute Pancreatitis. Research also suggests that both Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene possess anti-infectious bronchitis virus properties.
Not to be left out is Nerolidol (.11% in our tests). This terpene is present in ginger, jasmine, lavender, tea tree, and lemongrass. But it really gets its name and reputation from “neroli oil” which is produced by the blossom of the bitter orange tree. But there is nothing bitter about Nerolidol.
Its superpowers are wide ranging and include its antifungal effect and antimicrobial activity. Also important for a lot of individuals interested in CBD Hemp Oils is Nerolidol’s potential to provide a stress relieving effect as documented by research done with mice.
Lots of people know and use this next member of Team Terpene, D-limonene (.06% in our test). It is commonly found in citrus essential oils. It is one of the most commonly used terpenes. It is an ingredient in food, drugs, make-up, and detergents.
This terpene’s possible superpowers: in studies on rats, it has been shown to reduce anxiety and stimulate the immune system. Good combo move Limonene! It has also been shown in a study with mice to promote weight loss. In a study involving human cell cultures, it showed promise in cancer treatment. Sounds like a terpene we could all get to know and love.
Now, let me introduce you to Linalool (.05% in Fusion tests). “Lina Lool” (OK, we did that for fun) is found in many common flowers and spices including lavender, cinnamon, and mint. She has a pleasant smell that has made her quite popular. Lina Lool is used in 60-80% of cleaning and hygiene products. That’s a lot of products.
This terpene’s superpower: in addition to smelling fabulous, animal studies have shown it to possess pain, anxiety and inflammation relieving properties and is also an anticonvulsant.
Alpha-Terpineol (.05% in our tests) is found in pine oil as well as other oils. But don’t let that seemingly dull back story blind you to its use and benefits.
This terpene’s superpower is that it can be used as a fragrance, for flavor, and cleaning. What you might not know is that it has also been shown in research to be beneficial medicinally. Scientific journals have published papers about its antimicrobial and antifungal effects. It is also acclaimed for its anti-inflammatory effect.
Last, but not least, is Valencene (.05% in our tests). This terp gets its name because it is present in large amounts in Valencia oranges. Makes total sense, but it is also found in hemp. Hemp has a lot going for it.
Valancene’s superpower is that it gives off a citrus aroma which is known as a repellent for ticks and mosquitos. Heck yeah, I knew I liked this terpene. But there is also growing evidence that it may also have anti-inflammatory effects.
Terpenes Offer a Natural Alternative for Health
There you have it–the role of terpenes as a part of the overall benefit of full-spectrum CBD. That was a lot to cover, so we provided pictures and hopefully a few grins or a chuckle. We hope you learned something new.
It is important to note that terpenes are not approved by the FDA for treatment of any condition. They have simply shown potential in supporting the body’s natural defenses in the studies listed and linked to in this article. Many of these studies involved animal subjects so do not represent the effects that each terpene may or may not have in the human body.
We are fortunate that nature has provided tremendously important resources in hemp that will help us meet tomorrow’s public health challenges. A recent review reported that of the new drugs available on the market during the last 30 year, more than 35% of them have a direct natural origin.
Hemp offers colossal potential for enlarging the list of available natural medicinal compounds. We at Fusion CBD are working hard to provide a greenhouse full of genetic hemp variety to service this future need.